Skin cancer is a abnormalities of skin cells it is mostly developed on skin exposed to the sun. The ultra violet rays of sun is very harmful to your skin. But there is a chances that also occurs on areas of your skin which is not exposed to sun.
skin cancer can be categorised in the following types
- Basel cell carcinoma
- Squamous cell carcinoma
Skin cancer protection is totally in your hands you can reduced it by limiting or avoiding exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
How and where skin cancer Develops?
Skin cancer is mostly develops in the area where sun exposure is more, including your scalp, face, lips, ears, neck etc. Skin cancer can also develop in the area where sun exposure is rarely see. Like your palms, fingernails, toenails etc.
Skin cancer can affects the every skin type person whether it is darker skin or fair complexion. If melanoma occurs in dark skin it is more likely to occur in the areas not normally exposed to the light of sun.
Let’s discuss about the symptoms of different kind of skin cancers
- People having Basel cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and merkel cell cancer can experience the following symptoms:
For Basel cell carcinoma:
- Open sore which bleeds, Oozes, crusts or it remains open for several weeks.
- Reddish patches or irritation on skin which crust or itch but rarely hurts.
- Very shiny, pinkish or pearly white bumps on the skin.
- A scar with poorly defined border
- Squamous cell carcinoma can also crust, bleed and appear as:
- It became wart growth
- It is scaly red patches, and also have irregular boarders
- Raised rough surface on the skin and a central depression.
- Melanoma cancer symptoms:
- Painless lumps on the skin
- It is red in color, pink or blue
Many skin cancer is so dangerous that it spreads along the nerves. If this happens, it can cause severe itching, tingling, a feeling ants running and crawling on your body.
Concern about the any changes you experience, talk to your doctor. Say your doctor how long and how often you are experiencing this symptoms. Notice your skin features and any other symptoms you may be experiencing. Your doctor will help you to figure out the problem and find the diagnosis.
In most cases cancer is removed by doing the cancer surgery or using a topical treatment will cure the disease. A multidisciplinary team of doctors will met the patient to ask him and discuss different types of treatments to develop the good plan with best chances of cure.
Signs and symptoms of uncommon skin cancers
Kaposi sarcoma: It is known as the very rare form of skin cancer which develops in the skin’s blood vessels and also causes red or purple patches on the skin or mucous membranes. It is mainly occurs with the people who have the weak immune systems, like people with AIDS, people with taking medication that suppress natural immunity etc. Young men have the increased risk of this cancer.
Merkel cell carcinoma: it causes the firm, shiny nodules to the skin, which occurs beneath the skin and in hairs follicles. Merkel cell is most often found on the head , neck and trunk.
Sebaceous gland Carcinoma: This is very abnormal and aggressive cancer originates in the oil glands in the skin. Sebaceous is usually appear as hard, painless nodules which can develop anywhere in the body. But mostly it occurs in the eye shield and people often get mistaken as other skin problems.
How much Degree of risk involved ?
Fair skin: Skin cancer can occur in any skin complexion but however having less pigment in skin provides less protection from damaging UV radiation. . If you have blond or red hair and light coloured eye and you get sunburn easily then you are more likely to develop the skin cancer then any other person with darker skin.
A history from sunburned: having one or more blistering sunburns as a child or teenager may increase your risk of developing skin cancer as an adult.
Excessive Sun exposure: spending more time then required in the light of sun may develop the skin cancer especially if the skin isn’t protected by sunscreen or clothing. A tan is your skin injury which is the result of excessive UV radiation.
Moles: Many people who have moles or abnormal moles are at increasing risk of skin cancer. The moles look irregular and are generally larger then normal. Watch them regularly for changes.
Precancerous Skin lessons: Skin lessons as actinic keratosis have the higher risk of skin cancer.
Treatments to skin cancer
Avoid the sun during afternoon: The uv rays are strongest between 10.am and 4 pm. Avoid doing any activities during this time under the exposure of sun. Avoiding the sun at its strongest helps you sunburns preventions and sun tans that cause skin damage and increase the risk of developing cancer. Avoid over time sun exposure.
Wear sunscreen: sunscreen are the best to protect your skin from UV radiation. Use a good SPF of at least 30 even on cloudy days. Apply the sunscreen every two hours and also use a generous amount of sunscreen on all exposed skin.
Wear protective clothing: complete protection don’t provide by sunscreen so cover your skin with dark clothes lightly woven and clothing that covers your arms and legs. Which provides more protection than a baseball cap or visor does.
Be aware of sun sanitising: some common prescriptions and over the counter drugs. Including the antibiotics that can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. So it’s better ask your doctor or pharmacist about he side effects of the medicine.
Check skin regularly and report to your doctor: you should keep checking your skin on a regularity basis. Also examine your chest and trunk. Examine both the front and back of your legs and your feet including your soles and the spaces between your toes. Also keep examining your genital areas and your between the buttocks.
For most of the cases skin cancer is removed by the surgery or using the typical treatment will cure the disease. So keep check and reporting to your doctor.